Paper pub. date
January 2003
ISBN 9780870714986 (paperback)
ISBN 9780870718335 (ebook)
6 x 9 inches, 192 pages. Illustrations. B & W photographs. Glossary. References. Index.
Now available as an Adobe Digital Edition

Clean Water

An Introduction to Water Quality and Water Pollution Control
Second Edition
Kenneth M. Vigil

Clean Water is a book for anyone concerned about this precious resource who wants to become better informed. In straightforward language, Kenneth Vigil provides a comprehensive introduction to the many scientific, regulatory, cultural, and geographic issues associated with water quality and water pollution control.

Most other books on water quality and pollution control are highly technical and very specific, and are aimed at engineers, scientists, or attorneys. Clean Water, on the other hand, is a comprehensive discussion of the subject intended for a wider audience of science students, educators, and the general public.

Vigil avoids the use of technical jargon and uses many photos and diagrams to illustrate and explain concepts. He provides sufficient detail to educate readers about many broad topics and includes additional references at the end of each chapter for exploring specific topics in more detail.

Clean Water summarizes the basic fundamentals of water chemistry and microbiology and outlines important water quality rules and regulations, all in concise, understandable prose. It describes the basic scientific principles behind water pollution control and the broader approach of addressing water pollution problems through watershed management. There are sections on drinking water and on citizen involvement in water pollution control efforts at home and in the community.

This is a thoroughly revised edition of Vigil's 1996 book, Clean Water: The Citizen's Complete Guide to Water Quality and Water Pollution Control, which was praised by reviewers and has been used as a textbook at colleges and high schools throughout the U.S.

About the author

Kenneth M. Vigil is an environmental engineer with more than 18 years' experience. He as has expertise in water quality analysis, hydrology and hydraulics, stream and flood plain restoration, fish passage design and environmental permitting. In addition to Clean Water, he has written a number of technical and scientific publications on water quality management. He lives in Portland, Oregon.

Read more about this author

Preface and Acknowledgments


1. The Water Environment
     The Hydrologic Cycle
     Natural Conditions That Influence Water Quality
     Human Activities That Affect Water Quality
          Rivers and Streams
          Lakes and Ponds
          Bays and Estuaries
          Oceans and Seas
          Atmospheric Water
     Additional Reading

2. Water Chemistry and Microbiology
     The Water Molecule
     Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature
     Organic Substances
     Inorganic Substances
     Additional Reading

3. Sources of Water Pollution
     Stormwater Runoff
     Domestic Discharges
           Septic Systems
           Sewage Treatment Plants
     Industrial Discharges
     Accidental Spills
     Water Control Structures
     Additional Reading

4. Preventing Water Pollution
     Natural Water Pollution Control Processes
     Stormwater Treatment
     Domestic Treatment
     Spill Prevention and Cleanup
     Additional Reading

5. Water Quality Regulations
     Federal Regulations
          Clean Water Act
          Safe Drinking Water Act
          National Environmental Policy Act
          Endangered Species Act
          State Environmental Policy Act
     State Regulations
          National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
          Water Quality Standards
          Water Quality Certification
          Wetlands Protection
          State Environmental Policy Act
     Local Regulations
          Construction Related Ordinances
          Special District Ordinances
     Additional Reading

6. The Watershed Approach
     Watershed Characteristics
     Activities Affecting Water Quality
     Alternatives for Addressing Concerns
     Monitoring the Watershed
     Additional Reading

7. Drinking Water
     Drinking Water Sources
     Drinking Water Treatment
     Drinking Water Concerns
          Watershed Disturbances
          Groundwater Contamination
          Microbial Contamination
          Chlorinated Organics
          Copper and Lead
     Drinking Water Standards
     Additional Reading

8. Getting Personal about Clean Water
     Water Quality at Home
          Use Environmentally Friendly Cleaning Products
          Use Household Water Wisely
          Use Household Energy Wisely
          Compost Your Lawn Clippings, Yard Debris, and Food Wastes
          Recycle and reuse Household Goods instead of Throwing Them in the Trash
          Follow Good Car Maintenance Practices
          Use Your Automobile Less and Use It More Selectively
          Be Mindful of Your Use of Pesticides, Herbicides, and Fertilizers in Home Landscaping
          Educate and Involve Your Children, and Set a Good Example
          Be Mindful of Runoff from Your Property
     Public Involvement
     Environmental Organizations
     Internet Resources
     Additional Reading



"Kenneth Vigil. . .has compiled and reduced the salient aspects of a wide range of topics. . .into lucid, straightforward prose accessible to everyone."

--Jon J. Major, U.S. Geological Survey,
in the Northwest Science

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